Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of model wooden and masonry buildings as an example of LCA application

22,00 EUR order

Lewandowska Anna, Noskowiak Andrzej, Grzegorz Pajchrowski, Władysław Strykowski, Agata Witczak
Poznań, Instytut Technologii Drewna, 2012
ISBN 978-83-932284-4-7 

(Polish language version)

CONTENTS

1. CONSTRUCTION VERSUS THE ENVIRONMENT - GENERAL APPROACH 5
2. SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION 9
    2.1. Idea and principles 9
    2.2. Passive construction as an example of sustainable construction 10
    2.3. Wood as a building material compatible with sustainable development principles 21
3. ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA) IN CONSTRUCTION 33
    3.1. General characteristics 33 
    3.2. Life cycle of structural objects  35 
    3.3. Functional unit in LCA studies for construction  41 
    3.4. Environmental impact typical for construction  43 
    3.5. Software and databases used for LCA studies in construction  47 
    3.6. LCA in construction - opportunities and barriers  48 
4. ENERGY PERFORMANCE CERTIFICATION FOR BUILDINGS IN THE CONTEXT
    OF ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
51
    4.1. Energy Performance Certification - general characteristics 51 
    4.2. LCA and Energy Performance Certificates - similarities and differences 52 
    4.3. A compromise solution 57 
5. ECOLOGICAL OPTIMIZATION CRITERIA BASED ON THE LCA
    METHODOLOGY
59 
    5.1. Application of multidimensional comparative analysis for selection of a method
          for ecological assessment of buildings
59
    5.2. Criteria for building project assessment 62
6. LCA ANALYSIS - DEFINITION OF THE PURPOSE AND SCOPE 65
    6.1. Purpose of studies 65
    6.2. Scope of studies 66
    6.3. Data quality evaluation 79
7. LCA ANALYSIS - ANALYSIS OF INPUT AND OUTPUT GROUP (LCI)   83 
    7.1. Initial assumptions 83 
    7.2. Inventory tables 89
8. LCA ANALYSIS - LIFE CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT (LCIA)  91 
    8.1. Substantiation for the LCIA method selection 91 
    8.2. Impact categories and damage categories in IMPACT 2002+ method 92 
    8.3. LCIA results - the perspective of the full life cycle of the analyzed buildings 94 
    8.4. LCIA results - the life cycle of the analyzed buildings in stages 104 
    8.5. Energy scenarios for the use stage 152 
9. ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED BUILDING MATERIALS IN THE CONTEXT
    OF WOOD USE INTENSIFICATION IN THE ANALYZED BUILDINGS
157 
10. METHODOLOGICAL SIMPLIFICATIONS - SENSIVITY ANALYSYS 169
11. DISCUSSION OF THE RESULTS 177
12. CONCLUSIONS 185
SUMMARY (in the Polish language version) 187
SUMMARY (in the English language version) 193
Appendices 199
A.1. Technical specifications of conventional house constructed in masonry technology
       (A1)
201
A.2. Technical specifications of passive house constructed in masonry technology (A2)  209 
A.3. Technical specifications of conventional house constructed in wood technology (B1)  217 
A.4. Technical specifications of passive house constructed in wood technology (B2)  227 
A.5. Inventory tables  237 
BIBLIOGRAPHY 257